Global CSR Risk & Performance Index

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Light Manufacturing

Description

Light manufacturing groups all categories involved in the production of textiles and footwear (ISIC 131-152) as well as wood and paper products (ISIC 1701 – 1709). Major CSR issues associated with these activities are social and human rights abuses as well as excessive water and energy consumption. A number of scandals have been associated with these sectors, ranging from exploitation of factory workers in textiles, to irresponsible or illegal sourcing of tropical wood and paper pulp.

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Light Manufacturing, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

Overall, as observed in most other divisions, the number of companies assessed has increased, but size distribution has remained relatively stable. Small and medium-sized companies represented 88 percent of all companies assessed in this portfolio in 2017, which is a slight increase from 87 percent in 2016.

There are fewer first-time assessments in 2017 for small and medium-sized companies. Large companies had slightly more first time assessments, which could bias scores downwards.

Heavy Manufacturing

Description

Heavy Manufacturing represents a collection of industries which presents significant risks on CSR issues (e.g Environment impacts, OHS impacts). Companies with the 2-digit ISIC divisions 19-24, typically process raw materials.

During the manufacturing process, one or more of the processing stages often includes hazardous materials, which carry significant risks for the environment and people. Companies with the 2-digit ISIC divisions 35 to 39, are also included in this portfolio, because of the similar magnitude of CSR risks and potential impacts from their activities, e.g waste collection.

In 2017, we assessed 3,196 companies. The proportion of first-time assessments are 48 percent for small and medium-sized companies (down from 61 percent in 2016), and 26 percent for large companies (compared with 34 percent in 2016).

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Heavy Manufacturing, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→

Advanced Manufacturing

Industry Division Definition

Advanced manufacturing represents businesses (ISIC divisions 25 to 30), which either require more advanced manufacturing processes and technology, and/or manufacture technologically advanced products (e.g electrotherapeutic equipment). The CSR risks and impacts of these businesses arise during the manufacturing process, and also from the use and end-of-life of the products manufactured.

Companies in these industries often use hazardous chemical compounds in their manufacturing processes and products (e.g lead, chromium) and encounter specific industrial regulations concerning these hazardous chemical compounds (e.g RoHS).

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Advanced Manufacturing, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

In 2017, we assessed 2,330 companies in Advanced Manufacturing. The proportion of first-time assessments was 48 percent for small and medium-sized companies, and 25 percent for large enterprises. This represents a slight decrease from the previous year: 9 percent and 3 percent respectively.

Food and Beverage

Industry Division Definition

Food and Beverage groups companies from ISIC divisions 10 and 11: The manufacture of food products, and beverage products. In countries with large economies, these companies usually face strict regulations concerning product safety, consumer heal and safety. Much attention is also paid to marketing messages, particularly for alcoholic beverages.

As these products are typically purchased directly by consumers, companies face large reputational risks arising from unethical practices (e.g. use of inappropriate meats in food products, use of modern slavery, underpaid workers, advertising messages targeting inappropriate groups, misleading nutritional messages, etc).

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Food and Beverage, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

In 2017, we assessed 576 companies. The proportion of first time evaluations are 59 percent for small and medium-sized companies, and 37 percent for large enterprises, a significant decrease (more than 15 percent) for both size groups.

Construction

Industry Division Definition

Companies in this industry division carry out general construction and specialized construction activities.

We assessed 569 construction companies in 2017, with 84 percent being small and medium-size. The proportion of first-time assessments has also fallen in 2017: Small and medium-sized companies by 3 percent to 62 percent in 2017, and large companies by 12 percent to 35 percent. Thus we are more confident that the scores are representative of actual performance.

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Construction, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

Wholesale, Services and Professionals

Industry Division Definition

This industry covers Wholesale (ISIC division 45 to 47), Services (55, 56, 78 to 82) and Professionals (71 to 74). This industry group facilitates the flows of goods, people, and information between multiple parties. For example, companies in wholesale facilitate flow of value between the end manufacturer of goods, with the retail buyer of goods. Call centres facilitate the flow of information between the users, and the outsourcing party. More importantly, the CSR risks of this industry division are mostly LAB (e.g health & safety, harassment, skills training), and SUP issues (e.g environmental, social and ethics practices of suppliers and responsible procurement).

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Wholesale, Services and Professionals, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

This industry division is the fastest growing group undergoing EcoVadis assessments. While total EcoVadis assessments in the world increased by about 10 percent, assessments in this industry increased by 21 percent for small and medium-sized companies and 34 percent for large companies. This also why we observe more first-time assessments in this industry compared to the world averages (8 percent more for small and medium-sized companies, 10 percent more for large companies). This could potentially bias scores of the industry downward.

Transport

Industry Division Definition

This industry division groups together ISIC categories with activities of land, water and air transport as well as warehousing, storage and other related service activities. The material issues for these companies are fuel consumption, GHG emissions, working conditions and employee health and safety. The results presented here represent a total of 919 companies, of these 81 percent are small and medium-sized.

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Transport, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

The proportion of first-time assessments for small and medium-sized companies is down to 61 percent in 2017 from 77 percent in 2015, while first-time assessments for large companies has remained relatively steady at 39 percent. Both of these are about 7 percent above their respective world averages. As the proportion of first-time assessments continues to decline, we can expect increasingly mature CSR management systems as companies begin to actively pursue better sustainability practices.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Industry Division Definition

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry (ISIC divisions 58 to 63) includes companies whose main activities are publishing and broadcasting content in different forms, e.g. paper, software, video and audio as well as telecommunications and computer programming. The most material criteria is the responsible management of information. While the environmental impact of these activities is limited given their service focus, labor practices and ethics issues (e.g. management of employee’s development, working conditions, discrimination and harassment issues and information security) are more material for companies in this industry division. Due to increase in cyber security threats and the new European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which came into force in 2018, companies dealing with third party or other confidential data that are under more pressure to take appropriate measures in ensuring the safety of data.

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in ICT, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

The number of companies assessed by EcoVadis in 2017 in this industry is lower than in 2016. Similar to other industries, the percentage of first-time assessments decreased in 2017, with about half of small and medium-sized companies and 30 percent of large companies being assessed for the first time (both size groups about 1 percent lower in 2017). This suggests scores in this industry across both size groups are generally more reflective of actual performance.

Finance, Legal and Consulting

Industry Division Definition

This industry division groups ISIC divisions (64 to 70 and 82) related to financial services activities, insurance, real estate as well as legal and accounting activities. Business ethics risks and impacts are significant for these companies (e.g. corruption, bribery, information security). With ongoing debates on diversity, equality and respect for minorities in high-skilled sectors, human rights criteria are a further key focus in CSR management. While the environmental footprint of companies in this industry division is generally light, business ethics risks and impacts are significant for these companies (e.g. corruption, bribery, information security).

The entire list of ISIC codes (e.g. “purchasing category” or “business activity”) included in Finance, Legal, Consulting, as well as other industry divisions can be viewed here→.

While the number of companies assessed in this industry is steadily increasing, the distribution of company sizes has remained more or less stable (27 percent for Large; 72 percent for small and medium-sized in 2017). Small and medium-sized companies’ share is lower than world’s average (80 percent). We also see about 3 percent more companies who are 1st time evaluated by EcoVadis in 2017 in this industry, across both Large and, Small and Medium companies. Generally, this could bias scores downwards.